• Heart disease and stroke are the first and third leading causes of death for men and women and are among the most widespread and costly health problems facing our nation today.  However they are also the most preventable
  • Cardiovascular diseases account for more than ¼ of all US deaths
  • The cost of cardiovascular disease in the United States, including health care expenditures and lost productivity from deaths and disability is estimated to be more than $503 BILLION in 2010 alone – up from $286.5 BILLION in 1998
  • While death rates from heart disease and stroke have decreased in recent decades the rates of incidence has continued to increase.
  • More than 1 in 3 US adults currently live with one or more types of cardiovascular disease, that is an estimated 80,700,000 people.  Of these less than ½ (38,200,000) are older than 60!
  • An estimated 935,000 heart attacks and 795,000 strokes occur each year
  • Americans make more than 79 million doctor visits every year for treatment and management of cardiovascular disease
  • Nearly 6 million hospitalizations occur each year because of cardiovascular disease
  • There are 9 easily measured risk factors that account for over 90% of Acute myocardial infarction (smoking, lipids, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, diet, physical activity, alcohol consumption and psychosocial factors
  • On the basis of 2006 mortality rate data,
    • nearly 2400 Americans die of CVD each day, an average of 1 death every 37 seconds
    • 1 of every 18 deaths in the US is due to stroke, 1 every 40 seconds
    • coronary heart disease caused 1 of every 5 deaths in the US in 2004.  About every 26 seconds an American will have a coronary event, and about every minute someone will die from one
  • 33.6% of US adults >19 have hypertension, this amounts to 75,500,000USadults with the disease.  Approximately 78% are aware of their condition, 68% are taking antihypertensive medication, and only 44% of those treated had their hypertension controlled
  • About 20% of all deaths from heart disease in the U.S. are directly related to cigarette smoking; however 23.1% of men and 18.3% of women today still choose to smoke!
  • Approximately one in every six adults – 16.3% of the U.S. adult population has high total cholesterol (defined as total cholesterol =/> 240 mg/dl.  People with high cholesterol have twice the risk of heart disease as people with optimal levels.
  • In 2006, 17,200,000 Americans had diagnosed diabetes, an additional 6,200,000 had undiagnosed diabetes and an additional 29% of the population had prediabetes.  Two of three people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke!
  • From 1996 to 2006 the total number of inpatient cardiovascular operations and procedures increased 33%, from 5,444,000 to 7,235,000 annually
  • The total direct and indirect cost of CVD and stroke in theUnited Statesfor 2010 is estimated to be $503.2 billion.  This figure includes health expenditures and lost productivity resulting from morbidity and mortality.  CVD costs more than any other diagnostic group
  • $73 billion in health care spending were attributed to high blood pressure alone
  • Implementing preventive strategies based on current knowledge would avert the majority of premature coronary heart disease worldwide!
  • “It is discouraging to realize that there is such a pandemic of cardiovascular disease worldwide when most MI’s are preventable” Dr. Despres remarked.  “We have to reshape our working and living environments and address cultural and social factors favoring destructive behaviors.  Mankind is doing a good job of killing itself.”


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